Apparatus or equipment capable of detecting, measuring, observing, and calculating various physical quantities, material components, and physical parameters. It can also have functions such as automatic control, alarm, signal transmission and data processing, such as pneumatic regulators, electric regulators, and distributed instrument control systems.
In scientific research experiments, precision test systems, automatic detection and control systems, and various management and automation systems, instruments and meters are important technical tools.
The instrumentation industry includes more than 20 professional categories such as instrumentation and measuring instruments, namely electrical instruments, electronic measuring instruments, analytical instruments, industrial automation instruments, optical instruments, timing instruments, navigation guidance instruments, testing machines, laboratory instruments, General instrumentation components, agricultural, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery instruments, geological seismic instruments, meteorological marine and hydrological astronomical instruments, nuclear instruments, medical instruments and equipment, transmission standard measurement instruments, scales, marine instruments, automotive instruments and other general instruments Wait. According to the main service objects and fields of products, the instrument and instrument industry is generally summarized into four categories: production process measurement and control instruments and systems, scientific test instruments, special instruments, instrument materials and components.
The distribution of China's instrumentation industry is mainly based on the development and production of general-purpose instruments and meters for mechanical systems. , Shipbuilding industry and other systems development and production of various special instruments; including the Chinese Academy of Sciences (scientific testing equipment), the Ministry of Information Industry (communication and electronic measuring instruments), weapons, ships and aerospace systems (military industry supporting products), light industry systems ( Weighing equipment), National Medical Bureau (medical instruments and equipment) have strong strength.
1. Internationally, instrumentation is an independent industry and product field. It is not machinery or electronics. The content also includes the watch industry.
2. According to the administrative division of the industry, China's long-term cultural and office equipment industries such as film machinery, cameras, photocopiers have also been classified into the instrumentation industry.
3. With the development of computers, the use of computers in various measurement and control devices is becoming more and more widespread, especially the computers and their software in regulation and control systems involve industry classification and policy preferences.