High-end manufacturing industry refers to the high-end field of manufacturing, which mainly includes aviation equipment, satellites and their application industries, rail transportation equipment, marine engineering equipment, and intelligent manufacturing equipment. The main features are high-end technology, high-end value chain, and high-end position in the industrial chain.
The specific manifestation is the intensive knowledge and technology, which reflects the cross and integration of multi-disciplinary and multi-field high, sophisticated and cutting-edge technology, with high added value characteristics, and its development level determines the overall competitiveness of the industrial chain. The high-end manufacturing industry includes both the high-end part of traditional manufacturing and the high-end part of emerging industries. In the context of adjusting the industrial structure, the high-end equipment manufacturing industry is considered to be one of the seven emerging industries with the most capital-intensive, most complete industrial chain, and most effective industries.
From 2006 to 2010, China's equipment industry added value increased by more than 25%. In the 11 months of 2010, equipment manufacturing enterprises grew by 21% overall, realizing business revenue of 13 trillion yuan, an increase of 34% year-on-year, and total profits of more than 900 billion yuan. The sales profit margin of the whole industry was 7.18%, and exports reached 1.4 trillion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 30%.
The sales of automobiles reached 16.4 million units. Shipbuilding completions accounted for 42%, 52%, and 42% of the world market respectively. The growth rate of the electrical and electronics industries exceeded 30%. The total industrial output value of the machine tool industry increased by more than 40% year-on-year. In 2011, the annual industrial added value is expected to increase by about 15%.
In terms of marine engineering equipment, during the "Eleventh Five-Year Plan" period, the investment for offshore oil and gas resources development reached 120 billion yuan. The “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” focuses on the development of exploration, development, production, processing, storage and transportation equipment, offshore operations and auxiliary service equipment, special resource development equipment, large-scale offshore structures, underwater systems and key equipment systems, and at the same time, supporting marine renewables The research and development and innovation of energy utilization equipment, submarine mineral resource equipment, and marine monitoring equipment continue to expand new areas of industrial development. It is expected that the output value of China's marine engineering equipment industry will reach more than 100 billion yuan.
In aviation equipment, we will vigorously develop a series of regional aircraft, focusing on breakthroughs in key technical equipment and air management systems.
For high-speed railways, we will improve the institutionalization of key components, form an institutional innovation system and modern industrial clusters, and focus on the research and development of high-speed trains, transit trains, and intercity and urban express rail vehicle train operation control systems.
In terms of intelligent manufacturing equipment, the focus is on promoting precision and intelligent instruments and test equipment, intelligent control systems, key basic components, high-end CNC machine tools and intelligent special equipment to realize automation, intelligence, precision and greenness of the production process.